References & Resources
This is a set of resources compiled by and for the participants of the FLO MicroCourse: Acknowledging Traditional Indigenous Lands. If you want to contribute resources, please post the information in the Open Forum and your facilitators will maintain this page.
Native Land Digital
Use the interactive map on this site to learn which Indigenous lands you live on now - or have lived on in the past - languages spoken there, and the location of various historical treaties. https://native-land.ca/
To get a sense of 'good' acknowledgement practice, take 10 minutes or so to read the post on Beyond territorial acknowledgements by âpihtawikosisân (Chelsea Vowel, Sept 23, 2016) under the Territorial Acknowledgements tab. She proposes it's important for people to do their own searching and learning beyond institutional standardization and expectation, because best practices must evolve over time through engagement with the purpose and impact of acknowledgements. She suggests we ask:
- What is the speaker's intention? How do Indigenous people perceive their intention?
- What are the Indigenous protocols for guest and host responsibilities where you are?
- How can you be in good relationship with the Indigenous peoples, wildlife, land, and water where you live?
Infographic on amount of negotiated treaties across the country: https://www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1380223988016/1544125243779
Government of Canada, Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada https://www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1100100032297/1544716489360
Government of Canada. The Map Room. Pre-1975 historic treaties (note: scroll down to the bottom of the page to see this category; also, this page will be archived soon, so please download map resources per province/region) https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1290453474688/1290453673970#modern
Government of Canada. The Map Room. Modern day treaty digital map download https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/DAM/DAM-INTER-HQ-AI/STAGING/texte-text/mprm_pdf_modrn-treaty_1383144351646_eng.pdf
BC Treaty Commission has an interactive map showing negotiations in progress. Since this process began, 3 tripartite treaties have been ratified and implemented - Tsawwassen, Tl’amin, and Ma-nulth. http://www.bctreaty.ca/map
First Nation communities
Indigenous Services Canada. First Nations of BC (indicates where the 300+ reserves are located across the province). The following URL is a download link courtesy of Northern Health. https://www.northernhealth.ca/sites/northern_health/files/health-professionals/community-health-information/maps/documents/first-nations-bc-map.pdf
This background article is from Canadian Geographic. https://www.canadiangeographic.ca/article/toward-metis-homeland
Gabriel Dumont Institute. The Virtual Museum of Metis History and Culture.http://www.metismuseum.ca/index.php
Arao, B. and Clemens,K. (2003). From Safe Spaces to Brave Spaces: A New Way to Frame Dialogue Around Diversity and Social Justice. In L. Landreman (Ed.), The Art of Effective Facilitation: Reflections from social justice educators (pp. 135-150). Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, LLC. Accessed April 2019 at: https://sites.lsa.umich.edu/inclusive-teaching/wp-content/uploads/sites/355/2016/06/From-Safe-Spaces-to-Brave-Spaces.pdf
Ermine, W. (2010). What is Ethical Space? (7 minutes)
St. George, S. and Wulff, D. (2018). Discourses for Fostering Generative Classroom Dialogue. Conference on Postsecondary Learning and Teaching, University of Calgary. (Personal communication).
Tervalon, M. and Murray-Garcia, J. (May 1998). Cultural humility versus cultural competence: a critical distinction in defining physician training outcomes in multicultural education. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. 9:2. Pg. 117-125. Retrieved from https://melanietervalon.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/CulturalHumility_Tervalon-and-Murray-Garcia-Article.pdf
Examples of contextual territorial acknowledgements
- Royal Roads University: http://www.royalroads.ca/current-students/news/traditional-acknowledgment-and-introduction
- University of British Columbia: https://aboriginal.ubc.ca/community-youth/musqueam-and-ubc/
- Amanda Coolidge land acknowledgement and personal introduction at March 2019 CUNY/SUNY OER showcase. (Slideshare): https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1RtLguR20SCh3BHCS7r9bDFpfGyZLo1pvoxzECWPC6bU/edit?usp=sharing