References & Resources
These resources were curated by the facilitators and participants of the FLO MicroCourse: Acknowledging Traditional Indigenous Lands as this microcourse evolved.
Learn more about the why, what, and how of acknowledgements
Native Land Digital - An Indigenous-led Canadian not-for-profit educational organization, incorporated in December 2018. https://native-land.ca/ Use the interactive map on this website to learn which Indigenous lands you live on now - or have lived on in the past - languages spoken there, and the location of various historical treaties.
The Territory Acknowledgement page on this site also provides information on the basics of why and how to acknowledge territory along with a variety of resources from the Coast Salish Network, UBC, CBC and others.
To get a sense of evolving acknowledgement practices, we recommend you take 10 minutes or so to read the post on Beyond territorial acknowledgements by âpihtawikosisân (Chelsea Vowel, Sept 23, 2016), which is under the Territorial Acknowledgements tab. She proposes it's important for people to do their own searching and learning beyond institutional standardization and expectation, because best practices must evolve over time through engagement with the purpose and impact of acknowledgements. She suggests we ask:
- What is the speaker's intention? How do Indigenous people perceive their intention?
- What are the Indigenous protocols for guest and host responsibilities where you are?
- How can you be in good relationship with the Indigenous peoples, wildlife, land, and water where you live?
Reconciliation Canada, Feb 4, 2019. Cultural Teachings: Welcome to Territory and Land Acknowledgements. http://reconciliationcanada.ca/cultural-teachings-welcome-to-territory-land-acknowledgments/ Reconciliation Canada is an Indigenous-led charitable organization carries out its work across Canada from the unceded territories of the Coast Salish and Kwakwaka’wakw people. In this blog post, Tim Manuel, Cultural Advisor and Public Engagement Lead, shares information on the cultural meaning and protocols involved in giving land and territory acknowledgements.
- Infographic on amount of negotiated treaties across the country: https://www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1380223988016/1544125243779
- Government of Canada, Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada https://www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1100100032297/1544716489360
- Government of Canada. The Map Room. Pre-1975 historic treaties (note: scroll down to the bottom of the page to see this category; also, this page will be archived soon, so please download map resources per province/region) https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1290453474688/1290453673970#modern
- Government of Canada. The Map Room. Modern day treaty digital map download https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/DAM/DAM-INTER-HQ-AI/STAGING/texte-text/mprm_pdf_modrn-treaty_1383144351646_eng.pdf
- BC Treaty Commission has an interactive map showing negotiations in progress. Since this process began, 3 tripartite treaties have been ratified and implemented - Tsawwassen, Tl’amin, and Ma-nulth. http://www.bctreaty.ca/map
First Nation communities
Indigenous Services Canada. First Nations of BC (indicates where the 300+ reserves are located across the province). Download link courtesy of Northern Health. https://www.northernhealth.ca/sites/northern_health/files/health-professionals/community-health-information/maps/documents/first-nations-bc-map.pdf
- Canadian Geographic background article. https://www.canadiangeographic.ca/article/toward-metis-homeland
- Gabriel Dumont Institute. The Virtual Museum of Metis History and Culture.http://www.metismuseum.ca/index.php
Teaching & Learning Philosophy
- Arao, B. and Clemens,K. (2003). From Safe Spaces to Brave Spaces: A New Way to Frame Dialogue Around Diversity and Social Justice. In L. Landreman (Ed.), The Art of Effective Facilitation: Reflections from social justice educators (pp. 135-150). Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, LLC. Accessed April 2019 at: https://sites.lsa.umich.edu/inclusive-teaching/wp-content/uploads/sites/355/2016/06/From-Safe-Spaces-to-Brave-Spaces.pdf
- Ermine, W. (2010). What is Ethical Space? (7 minutes)
- St. George, S. and Wulff, D. (2018). Discourses for Fostering Generative Classroom Dialogue. Conference on Postsecondary Learning and Teaching, University of Calgary. (Personal communication).
- Tervalon, M. and Murray-Garcia, J. (May 1998). Cultural humility versus cultural competence: a critical distinction in defining physician training outcomes in multicultural education. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. 9:2. Pg. 117-125. Retrieved from https://melanietervalon.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/CulturalHumility_Tervalon-and-Murray-Garcia-Article.pdf
Examples of contextual territorial acknowledgements
- Royal Roads University: http://www.royalroads.ca/current-students/news/traditional-acknowledgment-and-introduction
- University of British Columbia: https://aboriginal.ubc.ca/community-youth/musqueam-and-ub
- University of Victoria: https://www.uvic.ca/services/indigenous/facultystaff/territory-acknowledgment/index.php
- Amanda Coolidge land acknowledgement and personal introduction at March 2019 CUNY/SUNY OER showcase. (Slideshare): https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1RtLguR20SCh3BHCS7r9bDFpfGyZLo1pvoxzECWPC6bU/edit?usp=sharing
Indigenization of Post-Secondary Education
- BCcampus Indigenization Pulling Together Series (2018) - A set of professional learning guides tailored to support various learning groups including: Foundations; Curriculum Developers; Teachers and Instructors; Leaders and Administrators; and Front-Line Staff, Student Services, and Advisors. https://bccampus.ca/projects/indigenization/indigenization-guides/
- Julie Vaudrin-Charette (2019). Melting the Cultural Iceberg in Indigenizing Higher Education: Shifts to Accountability in Times of Reconciliation. In New Directions in Teaching and Learning. Special Issue: Learning at Intercultural Intersections: Indigenization, Internationalization and Intercultural Learning. Spring 2019, Issue 157. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/toc/15360768/current Interesting view of positionality, i.e cultural and disciplinary self-location.
- Marcella LaFever (2016). Switching from Bloom to the Medicine Wheel: Creating Learning Outcomes that support Indigenous ways of knowing in post-secondary education. In Intercultural Education: Learning at Intercultural Intersections, 27:5, https://www.tandfonline.com/toc/ceji20/27/5 Interesting presentation of ways to integrate ethical space and perspectives in learning design.
- Perpetual Salish: Coast Salish Art in the Classroom (2016). Here you will find a map by Deborah Reade from an art exhibit that shows the diversity of communities within ‘Coast Salish.’ One great thing about Deborah’s map is that it shows the Indigenous familial connections across the Salish Sea down to the Columbia River, rather than focusing on national borders. http://uvac.uvic.ca/gallery/salishcurriculum/coast-salish-territories-maps/
- Aaron Paquette, (May 21, 2019). Councillor, Ward 4 – City of Edmonton. Treaty Acknowledgement. https://www.facebook.com/notes/councillor-aaron-paquette-ward-4-city-of-edmonton/treaty-acknowledgement/460346927843131/