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Challenges and Opportunities of Micro-credentials in Europe

Author: MicroHE

Date: December 2019



Educational Credentials Come of Age

Gallagher, S. R. (2018). Educational credentials come of age: A survey on the use and value of educational credentials in hiring. URL: https://www. northeastern. edu/cfhets/wpcontent/uploads/2018/12/Educational_Credentials_Come_of_Age_2018. pdf.

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Page 13 covers micro-credentials


Higher Education's Microcredentialing Craze: a Postdigital-Dewayan Critique

Author:  Shane Ralston

Date: May 2020


Micro-credentials in higher education institutions

Ghasia, M., Machumu, H. & Smet, E. (2019). Micro-credentials in higher education institutions: An exploratory study of its place in Tanzania. International Journal of Education and Development using ICT, 15(1),. Open Campus, The University of the West Indies, West Indies. Retrieved September 14, 2020 from

Micro-credentials, nano-degrees and digital badges

Lemoine, P. A., & Richardson, M. D. (2015). Micro-credentials, nano degrees, and digital badges: New credentials for global higher education. International Journal of Technology and Educational Marketing (IJTEM)5(1), 36-49.


The OERu Rubik's Cube

Mackintosh, W., Peachey, V., Looney, M. D. M., & Goode, C. The OERu Rubik’s Cube: Fitting the Pieces Together for Transnational Micro-credentialing. https://wcol2019. ie, 569.

The Present and Future of Alternative Digital Credentials

ICDE (2019) The Present and Future of Alternative Digital Credentials (ADCs) International Council for Open and Distance Education. Retrieved from