I think that depends on the subject area and your definition of deep learning. Too often concepts like this are only discussed from the humanities perspective.
In 80% of medicine where I teach, concrete knowledge takes priority over problem solving because that is the nature of the profession. Doctors see 10,000 predictable illness pattern for every 1 puzzle. So if deep refers to amount and complexity of patterns, then Medicine sees that type of learning as essential and high priority but if you are using the term as a replacement for critical/creative thinking, then the priority is about 10% at undergrad and 20% in residency.