14. References

Bates, Tony (2014, October 13) Comparing xMOOCs and cMOOCS: philosophy and practice. [blog post]. Online Learning and Distance Education Resources. Retrieved from https://www.tonybates.ca/2014/10/13/comparing-xmoocs-and-cmoocs-philosophy-and-practice/

EcampusOntario (2019, March 20th) Ontario Open Badge Forum 2019: Keynote: Badges as Alternative Credentials. [video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X8qADDYiZjc

Gervais, J. (2016). The operational definition of competency‐based educationThe Journal of Competency‐Based Education1(2), 98-106.

Gibson, D., Ostashewski, N., Flintoff, K., Grant, S., & Knight, E. (2015). Digital badges in education. Education and Information Technologies20(2), 403-410.

Janzow, P. (2014, Oct). Connecting learning to jobs through digital badges. The Catalyst, 42(2), 9-11.

Kato, S., V. Galán-Muros and T. Weko (2020), "The emergence of alternative credentials", OECD Education Working Papers, No. 216, OECD Publishing, Paris, https://doi.org/10.1787/b741f39e-en.

Oliver, B. (ed.). 2016b. Curate, Credential and Carry Forward Digital Learning Evidence. Final report of OLT Strategic Priority Project. Sydney, NSW, Australian Government Office for Learning and Teaching. http://hdl.voced.edu.au/10707/433268

Oliver, B. (2019) Making micro credentials work [White Paper}. Deakin University.  http://dteach.deakin.edu.au/microcredentials/

State University of New York (2018) SUNY Micro-Credentialing Task Force Report and Recommendations. https://system.suny.edu/media/suny/content-assets/documents/academic-affairs/Micro-Credentialing-TaskForce--Report.pdf

Surfnet (2019) Open Badges and Micro-Credentials [White Paper]. Surf.net. https://www.surf.nl/en/white-paper-on-open-badges-and-micro-credentials