Introduction to Micro-Credentials

14. References

Bates, Tony (2014, October 13) Comparing xMOOCs and cMOOCS: philosophy and practice. [blog post]. Online Learning and Distance Education Resources. Retrieved from

EcampusOntario (2019, March 20th) Ontario Open Badge Forum 2019: Keynote: Badges as Alternative Credentials. [video]. YouTube.

Gervais, J. (2016). The operational definition of competency‐based educationThe Journal of Competency‐Based Education1(2), 98-106.

Gibson, D., Ostashewski, N., Flintoff, K., Grant, S., & Knight, E. (2015). Digital badges in education. Education and Information Technologies20(2), 403-410.

Janzow, P. (2014, Oct). Connecting learning to jobs through digital badges. The Catalyst, 42(2), 9-11.

Kato, S., V. Galán-Muros and T. Weko (2020), "The emergence of alternative credentials", OECD Education Working Papers, No. 216, OECD Publishing, Paris,

Oliver, B. (ed.). 2016b. Curate, Credential and Carry Forward Digital Learning Evidence. Final report of OLT Strategic Priority Project. Sydney, NSW, Australian Government Office for Learning and Teaching.

Oliver, B. (2019) Making micro credentials work [White Paper}. Deakin University.

State University of New York (2018) SUNY Micro-Credentialing Task Force Report and Recommendations.

Surfnet (2019) Open Badges and Micro-Credentials [White Paper].